Jan 10, 2018

Modeling Metabolic Interactions in a Consortium of the Infant Gut Microbiome

Frontiers in Microbiology
Francisco PintoDaniel Garrido


The gut microbiome is a complex microbial community that has a significant influence on the host. Microbial interactions in the gut are mediated by dietary substrates, especially complex polysaccharides. In this environment, breakdown products from larger carbohydrates and short chain fatty acids are commonly shared among gut microbes. Understanding the forces that guide microbiome development and composition is important to determine its role in health and in the intervention of the gut microbiome as a therapeutic tool. Recently, modeling approaches such as genome-scale models and time-series analyses have been useful to predict microbial interactions. In this study, a bottom-up approach was followed to develop a mathematical model based on microbial growth equations that incorporate metabolic sharing and inhibition. The model was developed using experimental in vitro data from a system comprising four microorganisms of the infant gut microbiome (Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Escherichia coli, and Bacteroides vulgatus), one substrate (fructooligosaccharides, FOS), and evaluating two metabolic products (acetate and lactate). After parameter optimization, the model accurately predicted bacter...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Carbohydrate nutrients
Fatty Acids, Volatile
Coculture Techniques
Shared Paranoid Disorder
Complex (molecular entity)

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