Jan 9, 2014

Nuclear envelope-vacuole contacts mitigate nuclear pore complex assembly stress

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Hongdong LiYuanfang Guan

Abstract

The intricacy of nuclear pore complex (NPC) biogenesis imposes risks of failure that can cause defects in nuclear transport and nuclear envelope morphology, however, cellular mechanisms utilized to alleviate NPC assembly stress are not well-defined. In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, we demonstrate that NVJ1 - and MDM1 -enriched nuclear envelope (NE)-vacuole contacts increase when NPC assembly is compromised in several nup mutants, including nup116ΔGLFG cells. These interorganelle nucleus-vacuole junctions (NVJs) cooperate with lipid droplets to maintain viability and enhance NPC formation in assembly mutants. Additionally, NVJs function with ATG1 to promote vacuole-dependent remodeling in nup116ΔGLFG cells, which also correlates with proper NPC formation. Importantly, NVJs significantly improve the physiology of NPC assembly mutants, despite having only negligible effects when NPC biogenesis is unperturbed. Collectively, these results define how NE-vacuole interorganelle contacts coordinate responses to mitigate deleterious cellular effects caused by disrupted NPC assembly.

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