Apr 10, 2020

Modelling and rescue of RP2 Retinitis Pigmentosa using iPSC Derived Retinal Organoids

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Amelia LaneMichael E Cheetham

Abstract

Mutations in RP2 lead to a severe form of X-linked retinitis pigmentosa (XLRP). RP2 functions as a GTPase activating protein (GAP) for the small GTPase ARL3, which is essential for cilia function and for photoreceptor development and maintenance. The mechanism of RP2 associated retinal degeneration in humans are poorly understood, and genetically engineered animal models of RP2 XLRP present with differing retinal phenotypes and slow degeneration suggesting potential species differences. Here, we developed CRISPR gene edited isogenic RP2 knock-out (RP2 KO) induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) and RP2 patient derived iPSC to produce 3D retinal organoids as a human retinal disease model. The isogenic RP2 KO retinal organoids and two unrelated RP2 patient iPSC lines produced retinal organoids with a defined photoreceptor cell layer (ONL) containing rod and cone photoreceptors. Strikingly the RP2 KO and RP2 patient derived organoids showed a thinning of the ONL by 180 days (D180) of culture, which was associated with a spike in cell death in the ONL at D150 of differentiation. RNA sequencing confirmed induction of cell death pathways in the RP2 null organoids at this stage. Photoreceptor cell death and ONL thinning was attributed t...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Retinal Diseases
Retinal Degeneration
Cell Differentiation Process
Signal Transduction
Cilia
Transgenes
Solidago
RASA4 protein, human
Three-dimensional
Rod Photoreceptors

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