Apr 27, 2020

Matrix factorization recovers consistent regulatory signals from disparate datasets

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
A. V. SastryBernhard O Palsson

Abstract

The availability of gene expression data has dramatically increased in recent years. This data deluge could result in detailed inference of underlying regulatory networks, but the diversity of experimental platforms and protocols introduces critical biases that could hinder scalable analysis of existing data. Here, we show that the underlying structure of the E. coli transcriptome, as determined by Independent Component Analysis (ICA), is conserved across multiple independent datasets, including both RNA-seq and microarray datasets. We also show that echoes of this structure remain in the proteome, accelerating biological discovery through multi-omics analysis. We subsequently combined five transcriptomics datasets into a large compendium containing over 800 expression profiles and discovered that its underlying ICA-based structure was still comparable to that of the individual datasets. ICA thus enables deep analysis of disparate data to uncover new insights that were not visible in the individual datasets.

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