Modern concepts in the treatment of intersexuality

Der Urologe. Ausg. A
M Westenfelder


Treatment of intersexuality is demanding and requires experience and interdisciplinary cooperation. Preconditions for normal development and clear gender identification are correct (not emergency) diagnosis and gender assignment and adequate hormonal and surgical treatment. Surgery should be done early (6th to 15th month) as atraumatically as possible with cosmetically and functionally satisfying results. These preconditions are not met consistently, resulting in a 20-25% rate of mistakes in diagnosis and treatment. In experienced centers, feminizing genitoplasty, even of the severest forms, is carried out through a perineal one-stage approach. Masculinization corresponds to surgery for severe hypospadias. The high risk of malignant degeneration requires removal of all inadequate structures such as streak gonads, uterus, and tubes. In 5-alpha deficiency, early gonadectomy and feminization are not recommended since gyneophile behavior can be expected. Late or non-correction is rejected by the majority of psychiatrists. Many problems remain unclear and controversial due to lack of knowledge. In the future they can only be solved through cooperation, documentation, and observation of these individuals over their lifetime.


Jul 13, 2006·Der Urologe. Ausg. A·H A G Bosinski
Apr 20, 2011·Der Urologe. Ausg. A·M Westenfelder
Dec 13, 2006·Ethik in der Medizin : Organ der Akademie für Ethik in der Medizin·Susanne Ude-KoellerClaudia Wiesemann

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