Modification of Physicochemical Properties by Heteroaggregation of Oppositely Charged Lactoferrin and Soybean Protein Isolate Coated DHA Emulsion Droplets

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Jiawei LiuBaoguo Sun


In this study, the effect of heteroaggregation (HA) on the physicochemical stability and the formation of volatile substances of DHA emulsions was investigated. HA-DHA emulsions were produced by combination of lactoferrin (LF)-DHA and soy protein isolate (SPI)-DHA emulsions at pH 6.0. Zeta-potentials, droplet sizes, stability, and microstructures were measured as a function of different ratios of LF-DHA to SPI-DHA droplets. DHA oxidation of single and HA emulsions was determined through measurements of lipid hydroperoxides, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, and the formation of volatile substances. LF-DHA to SPI-DHA droplets ratios of 5:5, 4:6, and 3:7 formed stable emulsions. The lowest zeta-potential, biggest droplet size, and optimum physical stability of heteroaggregated emulsion occurred at a 5:5 of LF-DHA to SPI-DHA droplet ratio. Microstructure behavior indicated that the HA emulsions (LF-DHA droplets/SPI-DHA droplets = 5:5) formed specific three-dimensional uniform networks. The formation of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, lipid hydroperoxides, and volatile compounds including hexanal and ( E, E)-2,4-heptadienal decreased in HA compared to single emulsions. The results indicated that the physicochemical ...Continue Reading


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