Modulating Mistranslation Potential of tRNASer in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Genetics
Matthew D BergChristopher J Brandl

Abstract

Transfer RNAs (tRNAs) read the genetic code, translating nucleic acid sequence into protein. For tRNASer the anticodon does not specify its aminoacylation. For this reason, mutations in the tRNASer anticodon can result in amino acid substitutions, a process called mistranslation. Previously, we found that tRNASer with a proline anticodon was lethal to cells. However, by incorporating secondary mutations into the tRNA, mistranslation was dampened to a nonlethal level. The goal of this work was to identify second-site substitutions in tRNASer that modulate mistranslation to different levels. Targeted changes to putative identity elements led to total loss of tRNA function or significantly impaired cell growth. However, through genetic selection, we identified 22 substitutions that allow nontoxic mistranslation. These secondary mutations are primarily in single-stranded regions or substitute G:U base pairs for Watson-Crick pairs. Many of the variants are more toxic at low temperature and upon impairing the rapid tRNA decay pathway. We suggest that the majority of the secondary mutations affect the stability of the tRNA in cells. The temperature sensitivity of the tRNAs allows conditional mistranslation. Proteomic analysis demonstr...Continue Reading

References

Sep 10, 2020·RNA Biology·Matthew D Berg, Christopher J Brandl
Jun 2, 2020·Biochemistry and Cell Biology = Biochimie Et Biologie Cellulaire·Yanrui ZhuChrisopher J Brandl

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Related Concepts

MT-TA gene
Triplet Codon-amino Acid Adaptor Activity
Transfer RNA
Proline
TRS-AGA2-4
Suaeda occidentalis
Site
Cell Growth
Serine-Specific tRNA
Serine

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