PMID: 1460484Nov 1, 1992Paper

Modulation of BUdR labeling index in rat brain tumors following intracarotid ACNU administration

Journal of Neuro-oncology
K MineuraM Kowada


Chloroethylnitrosourea (CENU) chemotherapy has yielded limited benefit on survival of malignant brain tumors. Intracarotid administration of CENU is expected to have the advantage of increasing drug concentration reaching tumors. To understand basic knowledge of intracarotid chemotherapy, we monitor changes of proliferating rate after intracarotid injection of 1-(4-amino-2-methyl-5-pyrimidinyl)methyl-3-(2-chloroethyl)-3-nitrosourea hydrochloride (ACNU), using a bromodeoxyuridine (BUdR) labeling index (LI) in transplanted brain tumors of three cell strains. C6-2 tumor cells were in vitro sensitive to ACNU, and C6-2/ACNU and C6-1 cells were resistant. The drug sensitivity to ACNU was as follows: 11.9 microM in the C6-2 cells, 46.0 microM in the C6-2/ACNU cells, and 49.7 microM in the C6-1 cells at SD10, which gives 10% survival of clonogenic cells. The intracarotid ACNU at a dose of 30 mg/kg abruptly decreased the LI to 11% (mean) from 36% in C6-2 transplanted tumors. The LI remained low between 12 and 48 hours after, and then increased to the pretreatment level by 96 hours. In contrast, the LI of C6-1 tumors transiently fell to 15% from 42% at 12 hours after the injection, and subsequently increased to 36% at 24 hours and 37% at...Continue Reading

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