Modulation of IgE production in the mouse by beta 2-adrenoceptor agonist
International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
O CoqueretP Braquet
The present study examined the in vitro and in vivo effect of salbutamol on IgE production in the mouse. The present results show that salbutamol potentiates the in vitro interleukin 4 (IL-4)-induced IgE production from lipopolysaccharide-activated murine B lymphocytes. This effect is dose-dependent and is observed at concentrations above 10 nM. In vivo, when ovalbumin (OA)-sensitized BALB/c mice were treated with a daily injection of salbutamol, an increase of the anti-OA IgE levels in the serum was observed as compared to sensitized animals. Such an effect was observed at doses above 1 microgram/kg and was maximal at 10 micrograms/kg. Treatment of sensitized mice with salbutamol increased the ex vivo production of IL-4, IL-5, IL-6 and IL-10 from concanavalin A-activated splenocytes whereas no modification of IFN-gamma synthesis was noticed as compared to nontreated sensitized control mice. These results demonstrate that beta 2-adrenoceptor agonist stimulation results in an increase in IgE production both in vitro and in vivo in the mice. At least in vivo, they also suggest that the effect of this drug could be explained by an increase of the production of Th2-type lymphokines.
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