Sep 1, 1989

Modulation of ionic currents in Aplysia motor neuron B15 by serotonin, neuropeptides, and second messengers

The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
R TaussigR H Scheller

Abstract

Both 5-HT and the 9 amino acid neuropeptide SCPb modulate 3 ionic currents in B15, enhancing a voltage-dependent inward sodium current, decreasing an outward potassium current and increasing an inward rectifying potassium current. In contrast, FMRFamide decreases a voltage-dependent inward sodium current and increases an outward potassium current. We have also investigated the roles of several second-messenger systems that may be mediating the effects of these modulators. Bath application of membrane permeable analogs of cAMP enhance the voltage-dependent inward sodium current and both 5-HT and SCPb increase cAMP levels in B15, suggesting that cAMP may be mediating part of the observed effects of these transmitters on B15. Experiments with phorbol ester, a protein kinase inhibitor, and a phospholipase inhibitor suggest that the phospholipase C/protein kinase C cascade may decrease an outward potassium current. Thus, 5-HT and SCPb may activate multiple second-messenger systems to modulate 3 ionic currents in B15. Additional studies suggest that a cascade involving arachidonic acid may be involved in mediating part of the FMRFamide responses in B15. These studies are beginning to define molecular mechanisms whereby a neuron diffe...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Serotonin Measurement
Arachidonic Acid
Neurons
Serotonin
Second messenger
Messenger protein
Analog
Motor Neurons
Ion Channel
FMRFamide, (D-Met)-Isomer

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.