Modulation of prostacyclin and thromboxane secretion by cytotrophoblasts from normal and pre-eclamptic human pregnancies

Placenta
Z DingE D M Gallery

Abstract

We and others have previously observed an imbalance in cytotrophoblast secretion of the vasoactive prostanoids prostacyclin and thromboxane A(2) in pre-eclampsia. To examine the effects of potential modulators of this imbalance, cytotrophoblasts isolated from normal and pre-eclamptic pregnancies were incubated in the presence of lipopolysaccharide, the calcium ionophore A23187, tumour necrosis factor alpha, or interleukin 1beta, with or without the cyclo-oxygenase inhibitor, indomethacin. Further incubations included the drugs tranylcypromine, a prostacyclin synthetase inhibitor (0.1, 10 microM ), or the thromboxane synthetase inhibitor, pirmagrel (0.001, 1 microM ). Results showed that cytotrophoblasts from pre-eclamptic pregnancies had increased thromboxane production and significant stimulation of prostacyclin production by lipopolysaccharide and calcium ionophore. Lipopolysaccharide stimulated thromboxane production in normal cytotrophoblasts, while indomethacin almost completely inhibited production of both prostanoids. Tranylcypromine mildly inhibited prostacyclin production in normal cytotrophoblasts only, whereas pirmagrel strongly inhibited thromboxane production in a dose-related manner, with reciprocal increase in pr...Continue Reading

References

Jun 1, 1985·American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology·O Ylikorkala, U M Mäkilä
Sep 1, 1993·Circulation·E A Meagher, G A FitzGerald
Apr 30, 1999·European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology·P Duc-GoiranF Ferré

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Citations

Feb 10, 2007·Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology : RB&E·Laura LunghiFortunato Vesce
Aug 4, 2009·Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology : RB&E·Gloria ValdesJanae Joyner-Grantham
Jul 4, 2006·European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology·Mark WareingPhilip N Baker
Jul 2, 2019·Biomedit︠s︡inskai︠a︡ khimii︠a︡·T N PogorelovaA V Larichkin

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