Oct 1, 1989

Molecular and cellular studies of tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase using monoclonal antibodies. Evaluation of a common antigenic determinant in eukaryotic, prokaryotic and archaebacterial enzymes which maps outside the catalytic domain

European Journal of Biochemistry
S F BerestenL L Kisselev


Monoclonal antibodies referred to as Am1, Am2 and Am3 against highly purified bovine tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase were prepared. Am2 antibodies inhibit the Trp-tRNA synthetase activity and interact with the active truncated enzyme forms (dimers of either 40-kDa or 51-kDa fragments) produced by limited proteolysis. Am1 and Am3 antibodies exert no effect on the Trp-tRNA synthetase activity; epitopes recognized by them are mapped close to one another and reside at the dispensable part of the Trp-tRNA synthetase molecule. Am1 cross-reacts with Trp-tRNA synthetases of eukaryotic, prokaryotic and archaebacterial species, as revealed by immunoblot analysis. A rapid two-step technique was developed for isolating electrophoretically homogeneous Trp-tRNA synthetase from Escherichia coli. The purified enzyme interacted with Am1, but not with Am2 and Am3 antibodies taken at the same concentrations. As in the case of eukaryotic Trp-tRNA synthetase, Am1 did not influence the activity of Trp-tRNA synthetase from E. coli. From the aforementioned results it follows that: (a) the conservation of part of the Trp-tRNA synthetase structure which is not directly involved in the formation of the catalytic centre of prokaryotic and eukaryotic Trp-tRNA...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Monoclonal Antibodies
Peptide Mapping
Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Mice, Inbred BALB C
Antigenic Specificity
Amino Acyl-tRNA Synthetases
Bos indicus
Tryptophan-tRNA Ligase

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