Molecular and pathogenic characterization of Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolated from seafood.

Marine Pollution Bulletin
Md AshrafudoullaSang-Do Ha

Abstract

Gastroenteritis infections in humans are mainly associated with consumption of Vibrio parahaemolyticus contaminated shellfish, which causes health and economic loss. Virulence factor production, antibiotic resistance profile, and biofilm-forming capacity of Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolates on food and food contact surfaces at 30 °C were investigated to evaluate the antibiotic sensitivity and pathogenic level. Strains of V. parahaemolyticus were isolated from shellfish (e.g., Crassostrea gigas, Venerupis philippinarum, Mytilus coruscus, Anadara kagoshimensis) in Korea. When examined for 17 virulence factor-encoding genes, 53.3, 73.1, 87.1, 87.9, and 90.9% of the isolates were positive for genes encoding TDH, T6SS, T3SS1, T3SS2, and Type I pilus, respectively. All isolates showed resistance to vancomycin, tetracyclines, penicillin, nalidixic acid, and doxycycline, among 26 antibiotics tested, with most isolates resistant to kanamycin (93.5%), ampicillin (96.8%), clindamycin (96.8%), tobramycin (88.7%), amikacin (83.97%), and minocycline (80.7%). Biofilm formation, cell-cell attachment, and motility were high in most isolates. These findings may assist in monitoring the epidemics of the pathogen. Continuous monitoring could help t...Continue Reading

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