DOI: 10.1101/512301Jan 4, 2019Paper

Molecular basis of P[6] and P[8] major human rotavirus VP8* domain interactions with histo-blood group antigens

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Shenyuan XuMichael A Kennedy

Abstract

Initial cell attachment of rotavirus (RV) to specific cell surface glycans, which is the essential first step in RV infection, is mediated by the VP8* domain of the spike protein VP4. Recently, human histo-blood group antigens (HBGAs) have been identified as ligands or receptors for human RV strains. RV strains in the P[4] and P[8] genotypes of the P[II] genogroup share common recognition of the Lewis b and H type 1 antigens, while P[6], which is one of the other genotypes in P[II], only recognizes the H type 1 antigen. The molecular basis of receptor recognition by the major human P[8] RVs remains unknown due to lack of experimental structural information. Here, we used nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) titration experiments and NMR-derived high ambiguity driven docking (HADDOCK) methods to elucidate the molecular basis for P[8] VP8* recognition of the Leb and type 1 HBGAs and for P[6] recognition of H type 1 HBGAs. Unlike P[6] VP8* that recognizes H type 1 HGBAs in a binding surface composed of an α-helix and a β-sheet, referred as “βα binding domain”, the P[8] VP8* binds the type 1 HBGAs requiring the presence of the Lewis epitope in a previously undescribed pocket formed by two β-sheets, referred as “ββ binding domain”. The ...Continue Reading

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