May 1, 1997

Molecular basis of the D variant phenotypes DNU and DII allows localization of critical amino acids required for expression of Rh D epitopes epD3, 4 and 9 to the sixth external domain of the Rh D protein

British Journal of Haematology
N D AventC Green

Abstract

The discovery of Rh partial D variant red cells by discrepant reactions with different monoclonal anti-D has demonstrated the range of Rh D epitopes that have arisen due to alterations in Rh D protein structure. There are two current classification systems, one which uses a nine epitope model (epD1-epD9) whereas a more recent model proposes 30 different epitopes. We describe here the molecular basis of two D variants which lack epD4 and epD9 namely the DNU and D(II) phenotypes. These would have both been originally classified as D(II) phenotype individuals, but we have revealed subtle differences in the serological profile of these erythrocytes. Such a differential reactivity and determination of the molecular bases of these phenotypes allows us to predict critical amino acids for epD3, epD4 and epD9 expression. The DNU phenotype arises from a single point mutation in the RHD gene resulting in a single amino acid change (Gly353Arg). Sequence analysis of exon 7 of the RHD gene derived from the D(II) propositus indicates that there is a single point mutation in this exon resulting in a single amino acid change (Ala354Asp). It is likely that this point mutation gives rise to the D(II) phenotype. Both mutations result in the change...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations14

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.

Mentioned in this Paper

Establishment and Maintenance of Localization
Exons
Antigen D, Rh Blood Group
Amino Acids, I.V. solution additive
Antigenic Specificity
Menopause
Sequence Analysis
Specimen Type - Erythrocytes
Epitope Mapping
Red Blood Cell Count Measurement

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.