May 16, 2001

Molecular cloning and characterization of RNF26 on human chromosome 11q23 region, encoding a novel RING finger protein with leucine zipper

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
M Katoh

Abstract

Genetic alterations of RING finger genes, encoding an ubiquitin-protein ligase, are implicated in several types of human cancer through dysregulation of growth regulators. Here, a novel RING finger gene, RNF26, was cloned and characterized. The RNF26 gene on human chromosome 11q23 region was found to encode a polypeptide of 433 amino acids with the N-terminal leucine zipper domain and the C-terminal RING finger domain. Among the RING finger protein family, RING finger domains of RNF26, CGR19, NEURL, KIAA0554, and AK022937 were found to constitute a novel C3HC5 subfamily, which is distinct from C3H2C3 or C3HC4 subfamilies. RING finger domain of RNF26 was most homologous to that of CGR19 (49% amino-acid identity). The 3.2-kb RNF26 mRNA was expressed ubiquitously in normal human tissues, but was upregulated in several human cancer cell lines, including HL-60 (promyelocytic leukemia), HeLa S3 (cervical uterus cancer), SW480 (colorectal cancer), and MKN7 (gastric cancer). In addition, RNF26 was upregulated in 50% of primary gastric cancer examined in this study. Although substrates of ubiquitination mediated by RNF26 remain to be elucidated, RNF26 upregulation in several types of human cancer might be implicated in carcinogenesis th...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Ring Finger Domain
Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
Gene Dosage
PML gene
Carboxy-Terminal Amino Acid
Malignant Neoplasm of Stomach
Stomach Carcinoma
Amino Acids, I.V. solution additive
Uterine Cancer
Tertiary Protein Structure

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