DOI: 1503.00051Jun 20, 2015Paper

Molecular Dynamics Studies on the Buffalo Prion Protein

ArXiv
Jiapu ZhangSubhojyoti Chatterjee

Abstract

It was reported that buffalo is a low susceptibility species resisting to prion diseases, which are invariably fatal and highly infectious neurodegenerative diseases that affect a wide variety of species. In molecular structures, TSE neurodegenerative diseases are caused by the conversion from a soluble normal cellular prion protein, predominantly with alpha-helices, into insoluble abnormally folded infectious prions, rich in beta-sheets. This paper studies the molecular structure and structural dynamics of buffalo prion protein, in order to reveal the reason why buffalo are resistant to prion diseases. We first did molecular modeling of a homology structure constructed by one mutation at residue 143 from the Nuclear Magnetic Resonance structure of bovine and cattle PrP(124-227); immediately we found for buffalo PrPC(124-227) there are 5 hydrogen bonds at Asn143, but at this position bovine/cattle do not have such hydrogen bonds. Same as that of rabbits, dogs or horses, our molecular dynamics studies also confirmed there is a strong salt bridge ASP178-ARG164 (O-N) keeping the beta2-alpha2 loop linked in buffalo. We also found there is a very strong hydrogen bond SER170-TYR218 linking this loop with the C-terminal end of alpha...Continue Reading

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