Molecular evaluation of residual endodontic microorganisms after instrumentation, irrigation and medication with either calcium hydroxide or Septomixine

Oral Diseases
G TangH K Yip


The correct choice of antimicrobial agents as inter-appointment medicaments is as important as the instrumentation and irrigation to remove pathogens from infected root canals. Calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)2] and framycetin sulfate (Septomixine) are common endodontic medicaments. Therefore, we evaluated the efficacy of either calcium hydroxide or Septomixine in eliminating residual intra-canal bacteria, particularly Actinomyces spp., during inter-appointment interval in endodontic therapy using molecular methods. A total of 31 single-rooted teeth with primary root canal infections were studied immediately after opening the canals and subsequently after instrumentation, irrigation with sterile saline and 1-week medication with either Ca(OH)2 (n = 25) or Septomixine (n = 6). Whole bacterial genomic DNA was isolated directly from samples and PCR with universal primers performed to detect total intra-canal bacteria. The variable regions of 16S rDNA of bacteria were amplified and labeled with digoxigenin for further hybridization to detect Actinomyces spp. A total of seven oligonucleotide probes specific for A. bovis, A. gerencseriae, A. israelii, A. meyeri, catalase-negative A. naeslundii (genospecies 1 and 2), catalase-positive A. nae...Continue Reading


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Actinomycosis is a rare, chronic, and slowly progressive granulomatous disease caused by filamentous Gram positive anaerobic bacteria from the Actinomycetaceae family (genus Actinomyces). The disease is characterised by the formation of painful abscesses in the mouth, lungs,breast or gastrointestinal tract. Discover the latest research on actinomycosis here.