Apr 9, 2020

Biomass of a trophic level increases with maximum body size, but less than proportionally

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Henrique Correa Giacomini

Abstract

A recent paper by Enquist and colleagues ["The megabiota are disproportionately important for biosphere functioning", Nature Comm. 11:699, 2020] took a very important step in predicting the ecosystemic effects of species losses on a global scale. Using Metabolic Scaling Theory (MST), they concluded that large-sized species contribute disproportionately to several ecosystem functions. One of their key predictions is that total biomass of animals in a trophic level (M_Tot, using their notation) should increase more than proportionally with its maximum body size (m_max), following the relationship M_Tot {propto}m_max^(5/4). Here I argue that this superlinear scaling results from an incorrect representation of the individual size distribution and that the exponent should be 1/4, implying a sublinear scaling. The same reasoning applies to total energy flux or metabolism B_Tot, which should be invariant to maximum size according to the energetic equivalence and perfect compensatory responses entailed by MST.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Extracellular
Electron Transport
Carbon
Fuel Oils
Microbial
Chemicals
Carbon Dioxide
Renewable Energy
Metabolism
Carbon Dioxide Content Measurement

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