PMID: 7932192Sep 1, 1994Paper

Molecular mechanisms of agonist-induced desensitization of the cloned mouse kappa opioid receptor

The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
K RaynorT Reisine


Prolonged exposure of opioid receptors to agonists can cause desensitization, a cellular event linked to tolerance. Although evidence exists for mu and delta opioid receptor desensitization, much less information is available concerning the in vitro regulation of kappa opioid receptors because no cell lines exist that specifically express this class of opioid receptor. Recently we have cloned the mouse kappa opioid receptor. After expression in COS-7 cells, this protein exhibits the pharmacological specificity of a kappa 1 receptor and mediates agonist inhibition of cAMP formation. Continuous exposure of COS-7 cells expressing the kappa receptor to the agonist trans-(+/-)-3,4-dichloro-N-methyl-N-[2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-cyclohexyl]- benzeneacetamide methanesulfonate salt (U50,488) reduces the specific binding of the kappa-selective agonist [3H]U69,593. Furthermore, the potency of U50,488 to inhibit the binding of the opiate antagonist [3H]naloxone to the kappa receptor is reduced. However, total specific binding of [3H]naloxone is not altered, indicating that short-term (2-4 hr) agonist treatment of the kappa receptor reduces the affinity of the receptor for agonists but does not reduce the density of kappa receptors. The reduction ...Continue Reading

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