PMID: 17404479Apr 4, 2007Paper

Molecular mechanisms of bone destruction in rheumatoid arthritis

Clinical calcium
Toshihiro Nanki


Osteoclast in the synovium of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) plays an important role for bone destruction of the affected joints. The osteoclast is differentiated from macrophage-like synoviocyte, which is migrated from peripheral blood monocytes. In the RA synovium, receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL) which is expressed by T cells and fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) and macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) which is expressed by FLS induce the differentiation into osteoclast from macrophage-like synoviocyte. TNF-alpha, interleukin (IL) -1, IL-6, and IL-17 which are expressed by macrophages, FLS, and/or T cells in the synovium enhance the differentiation and activation of the osteoclast. Thus, such synovial cells contribute osteoclastgenesis and bone destruction.

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