Jun 10, 2014

Molecular mechanisms of the circadian clockwork in mammals

FEBS Letters
I Robinson, Akhilesh B Reddy

Abstract

Circadian rhythms enable organisms to co-ordinate biological processes with the predictable 24 h cycle of day and night. Given that molecular clocks that coordinate such biological timing have evolved in almost all organisms, it is clear that being synchronous with the external environment confers competitive advantage. Conversely, it is apparent that being out of phase is detrimental, resulting in a number of clinical conditions, many of which are linked to metabolic dysfunction. The canonical clockwork involves a core set of genes that negatively regulate themselves through a so-called transcription translation feedback loop. However, recent studies describing evolutionarily conserved oscillations in redox reactions link circadian rhythms to metabolic processes, and in particular, redox pathways. In this review we describe the evidence for the interaction between transcriptional loops, redox and metabolism in mammals and suggest the clock may be potential target for the treatment of disease.

  • References111
  • Citations24

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Thyroid Hormone Metabolism, Abnormal
Biochemical Pathway
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
PPARA wt Allele
Benzoquinone
Hydrogen Peroxide
Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors
ARNTL gene
Enzymes, antithrombotic

Related Feeds

Cancer Epigenetics & Metabolism (Keystone)

Epigenetic changes are present and dysregulated in many cancers, including DNA methylation, non-coding RNA segments and post-translational protein modifications. The epigenetic changes may or may not provide advantages for the cancer cells. This feed focuses on the relationship between cell metabolism, epigenetics and tumor differentiation.

Alzheimer's Disease: Transcription

Transcription involves copying (transcribing) the gene's DNA sequence into RNA. Impaired transcription is associated with the pathogenesis and progression of conditions such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to transcription and this disease.

Alzheimer's Disease: Endosomes

The feed focuses on the role of dysfunctional endosomal trafficking in Alzheimer’s Disease and the potential for targeting the endosome as a therapeutic target.

Alzheimer's Disease: Genetics

Alzheimer's disease is a chronic neurodegenerative disease. Discover genetic and epigenetic aspects of Alzheimer’s disease, including genetic markers and genomic structural variations here.

Cancer Epigenetics and Senescence (Keystone)

Epigenetic changes are present and dysregulated in many cancers, including DNA methylation, non-coding RNA segments and post-translational protein modifications. The epigenetic changes may be involved in regulating senescence in cancer cells. This feed captures the latest research on cancer epigenetics and senescence.

Cancer Metabolism

In order for cancer cells to maintain rapid, uncontrolled cell proliferation, they must acquire a source of energy. Cancer cells acquire metabolic energy from their surrounding environment and utilize the host cell nutrients to do so. Here is the latest research on cancer metabolism.

Astrocytes and Neurodegeneration

Astrocytes are important for the health and function of the central nervous system. When these cells stop functioning properly, either through gain of function or loss of homeostatic controls, neurodegenerative diseases can occur. Here is the latest research on astrocytes and neurodegeneration.