Jun 13, 2001

Monitoring of bacteria in acid mine environments by reverse sample genome probing

Canadian Journal of Microbiology
S A LéveilléGerrit Voordouw


A variety of microorganisms can exist in acid mine drainage (AMD) environments, although their contribution to AMD problems is unclear. Environmental strains of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans and Thiobacillus acidophilus were purified by repeated plating and single-colony isolation on iron salts and tetrathionate media, respectively. Thiobacillus thiooxidans was enriched on sulfur-containing media. For the isolation of Leptospirillum ferrooxidans, iron salts and pyrite media were inoculated with environmental samples. However, L. ferrooxidans was never recovered on solid media. Denatured chromosomal DNAs from type and (or) isolated strains of T. ferrooxidans, T. acidophilus, T. thiooxidans, and L. ferrooxidans were spotted on a master filter for their detection in a variety of samples by reverse sample genome probing (RSGP). Analysis of enrichments of environmental samples by RSGP indicated that ferrous sulfate medium enriched T. ferrooxidans strains, whereas all thiobacilli grew in sulfur medium, T. thiooxidans strains being dominant. Enrichment in glucose medium followed by transfer to tetrathionate medium resulted in the selection of T. acidophilus strains. DNA was also extracted directly (without enrichment) from cells recovered...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Exploration With a Probe
Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans
Acidiphilium acidophilum
Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans
Genomic Hybridization
Genome, Bacterial

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