Jun 21, 2019

Monoclonal Antibody 2C6 Targets a Cross-Clade Conformational Epitope in gp41 with Highly Active Antibody-Dependent Cell Cytotoxicity

Journal of Virology
Hakimuddin SojarMark D Hicar

Abstract

Previous studies in our laboratory characterized a panel of highly mutated HIV-specific conformational epitope-targeting antibodies (Abs) from a panel of HIV-infected long-term nonprogressors (LTNPs). Despite binding HIV envelope protein and having a high number of somatic amino acid mutations, these Abs had poor neutralizing activity. Because of the evidence of antigen-driven selection and the long CDR3 region (21 amino acids [aa]), we further characterized the epitope targeting of monoclonal Ab (MAb) 76-Q3-2C6 (2C6). We confirmed that 2C6 binds preferentially to trimeric envelope and recognizes the clades A, B, and C SOSIP trimers. 2C6 binds gp140 constructs of clades A, B, C, and D, suggesting a conserved binding site that we localized to the ectodomain of gp41. Ab competition with MAb 50-69 suggested this epitope localizes near aa 579 to 613 (referenced to HXB2 gp160). Peptide library scanning showed consistent binding in this region but to only a single peptide. Lack of overlapping peptide binding supported a nonlinear epitope structure. The significance of this site is supported by 2C6 having Ab-dependent cell cytotoxicity (ADCC) against envelope proteins from two clades. Using 2C6 and variants, alanine scanning mutagenes...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

trimer core
Study
Monoclonal Antibodies
Conserved Sequence
M Protein, multiple myeloma
Virus
Vaccines
Definition
Laboratory
HIV Infections

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