PMID: 8108295Nov 1, 1993

Morphological features of the levoatriocardinal (or pulmonary-to-systemic collateral) vein

Pediatric Pathology
C A PintoRobert H Anderson

Abstract

Three cases with an anomalous pulmonary-to-systemic collateral vein (levoatriocardinal vein) connecting the left atrium or one of the pulmonary veins to a systemic vein are described. In two of these cases the atrial septum is intact, the left atrioventricular connection is absent (mitral atresia), and the anomalous vein is the escape channel for pulmonary venous return. In the remaining case, a muscular membrane divides the left atrium, separating the pulmonary venous component from the distal component. The collateral vein may be mistaken for the vertical vein that is associated with totally anomalous pulmonary venous connections, but in all our cases the pulmonary veins inserted normally into the left atrium. Cross-sectional echocardiography, including conventional and color flow Doppler mapping, should overcome potential difficulties in diagnosis.

References

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Citations

Jan 23, 2003·The Annals of Thoracic Surgery·Toru IshizakaE L Bove
Jul 28, 2016·Pediatrics International : Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society·Taiyu HayashiHiroshi Ono
Oct 1, 1995·Journal of the American College of Cardiology·H S BernsteinN H Silverman
May 14, 2016·Annals of Vascular Surgery·Farhood Saremi, Siew Yen Ho
Jan 24, 2006·The Annals of Thoracic Surgery·Toshio KanedaNobuyuki Mori
Jul 13, 2004·Cardiology in the Young·Robert H AndersonAndrew C Cook
Dec 16, 1998·Pediatric and Developmental Pathology : the Official Journal of the Society for Pediatric Pathology and the Paediatric Pathology Society·U BartramR Van Praagh

Related Concepts

Coronary Circulation
2D Echocardiography
Right Atrial Structure
Mitral Valve
Pulmonary Circulation
Pulmonary Veins

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