Sep 1, 1989

Morphological substrate for eyelid movements: innervation and structure of primate levator palpebrae superioris and orbicularis oculi muscles

The Journal of Comparative Neurology
J D PorterP J May


The levator palpebrae superioris and orbicularis oculi are antagonistic muscles that function during movements of the eyelid. The levator also functions in conjunction with superior and inferior rectus muscles in coordinated eye/lid movements. The present study examined the innervation and morphology of these muscles in Cynomolgous monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) in order to provide a better understanding of the anatomical substrate for lid movements. Motoneurons innervating the levator and orbicularis muscles were identified and localized by retrograde transport of WGA/HRP and HRP. Retrogradely labelled levator motoneurons were distributed bilaterally throughout the caudal central division of the oculomotor nucleus. A few labelled cells were also present within the contralateral superior rectus division, possibly because of the spread of tracer at the injection site. The possibility that individual motoneurons collateralize to innervate the levator muscle bilaterally was tested by using double retrograde labelling techniques. Doubly labelled levator motoneurons could not be detected by using a combination of tracers (HRP and Fast Blue). Motoneurons innervating the upper lid portion of the orbicularis oculi muscle were distribute...Continue Reading

  • References14
  • Citations56


Mentioned in this Paper

Wheat Germ Agglutinin Isolectin 2
Graft-vs-Host Disease
Motor Neurons
Staining and Labeling
Macaca fascicularis
Eyelid Structure

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