PMID: 3145574Jan 1, 1988

Morphometric analysis of the thoracolumbar and lumbar pedicles, anatomo-radiologic study

Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy : SRA
D MarchesiM Aebi

Abstract

The geometric properties of 380 vertebral pedicles, ranging from T6 to L5, were analysed. Measurement were made directly from the specimens as well as from roentgenograms. The parameters considered were the horizontal and vertical pedicle diameters, pedicle angles in the transverse and sagittal planes, and the transverse and anteroposterior widths of the spinal canal and vertebral body. In addition, the length of the pedicle and the length of the pedicle including the vertebral body to the anterior cortex were measured along the pedicle axis and in a line parallel to the midline of the vertebral body. The smallest horizontal and vertical pedicle diameters were found at vertebral levels from T6 to T10. The correlation between pedicle widths and screw dimensions is obvious. In the transverse plane, the pedicle angle diverged from the vertebral body at all levels, except at T12. In the sagittal plane, the pedicles were angled cephalad from T6 to L3 and slightly caudally at L5. Knowledge of the length of the pedicle to the anterior vertebral body cortex is very important for safe screw purchase. At all levels, with the exception of T12, this length was found to be significantly greater along the pedicle axis than along a line paral...Continue Reading

References

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Related Concepts

Bone Structure of Lumbar Vertebra
Spinal Canal
Bone Structure of Thoracic Vertebra

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