Mortality by cause for eight regions of the world: Global Burden of Disease Study

Lancet
C J Murray, Alan D Lopez

Abstract

Reliable information on causes of death is essential to the development of national and international health policies for prevention and control of disease and injury. Medically certified information is available for less than 30% of the estimated 50.5 million deaths that occur each year worldwide. However, other data sources can be used to develop cause-of-death estimates for populations. To be useful, estimates must be internally consistent, plausible, and reflect epidemiological characteristics suggested by community-level data. The Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) used various data sources and made corrections for miscoding of important diseases (eg, ischaemic heart disease) to estimate worldwide and regional cause-of-death.patterns in 1990 for 14 age-sex groups in eight regions, for 107 causes. Preliminary estimates were developed with available vital-registration data, sample-registration data for India and China, and small-scale population-study data sources. Registration data were corrected for miscoding, and Lorenz-curve analysis was used to estimate cause-of-death patterns in areas without registration. Preliminary estimates were modified to reflect the epidemiology of selected diseases and injuries. Final estimat...Continue Reading

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Jun 22, 2010·PLoS Medicine·Simon I HayRobert W Snow
Aug 21, 2012·PLoS Medicine·Jason Corburn, Alison K Cohen
Feb 22, 2012·PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases·Kun YangSong Liang
Apr 14, 2010·PloS One·Nishit Doshi, Samir Mitragotri
Oct 27, 2011·PloS One·Eran BendavidJessica Kubo
Jan 5, 2012·PloS One·Abdulrahman M El-SayedSandro Galea
May 5, 2012·PloS One·Nazmi KrasniqiRoberto Corti
May 10, 2012·PloS One·Ph Gabriel StegCLARIFY Investigators
Apr 13, 2005·CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association Journal = Journal De L'Association Medicale Canadienne·Nadine R Caron
Jun 1, 2005·CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association Journal = Journal De L'Association Medicale Canadienne·Amit X GargWalkerton Health Study Investigators
Apr 21, 2010·CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association Journal = Journal De L'Association Medicale Canadienne·Maria ChiuJack V Tu
Feb 28, 2008·Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine : CCLM·Heidar TavilaniRohollah Setarehbadi
Jul 8, 2010·Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine : CCLM·Lucio LombardoBruno Torchio
Sep 11, 2010·Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine : CCLM·Herbert SchwarzFrank Vitzthum
Jul 6, 2011·Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine : CCLM·Hee-Jin HwangSang-Hwan Kim
Sep 10, 2011·Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research·Lars L AndersenJesper L Andersen
Dec 2, 2004·The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine·Marek VeckaAles Zák
Nov 19, 2011·American Journal of Public Health·Jonathan P TroostMathew J Reeves
Feb 13, 1999·American Journal of Public Health·Anton E KunstJ P Mackenbach
May 31, 2002·American Journal of Public Health·Prabhat JhaDerek Yach
Apr 17, 2010·Clinical Interventions in Aging·Christine Benn ChristiansenLars Køber
Dec 1, 2007·International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease·David M Mannino, Victor A Kiriz
Feb 12, 2011·International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease·João Tadeu Ribeiro-PaesMario R Lago
Aug 1, 2012·International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease·Ilda GodoyIrma Godoy
Feb 24, 2007·Vascular Health and Risk Management·Marcus B Nicol, Amanda G Thrift
Nov 14, 2002·Drugs & Aging·Guy ChatapJean-Pierre Vincent
Mar 19, 2003·Drugs & Aging·Moira M B MungallJames Shepherd
Feb 13, 2004·Drugs & Aging·Louise Martinsson, Staffan Eksborg
Feb 26, 2004·Drugs & Aging·Richard W Grant, James B Meigs
Jul 18, 2001·PharmacoEconomics·H S Ruchlin, E J Dasbach
Nov 24, 2007·BioDrugs : Clinical Immunotherapeutics, Biopharmaceuticals and Gene Therapy·N H Chavannes, C P van Schayck
Jan 20, 2004·American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs : Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions·Catherine CornuA Serradj-Jaillard A
Jan 20, 2004·American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs : Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions·James L VelianouVerghese Mathew
Jan 20, 2004·American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs : Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions·John C LaRosa
Dec 13, 2005·Treatments in Respiratory Medicine·Dennis NowakRuediger Sandtmann
Jun 2, 2011·Journal of Epidemiology·Truong-Minh PhamTakesumi Yoshimura
Jan 24, 2007·Bulletin of the World Health Organization·Suzanne PolinderEUROCOST Reference Group
Sep 5, 2007·Bulletin of the World Health Organization·Ardeshir KhosraviAlan D Lopez
Feb 26, 2008·Bulletin of the World Health Organization·Herman R HoltslagChris van der Werken
May 11, 2010·Bulletin of the World Health Organization·Sandro ContiniCarmelo Scarpignato
Jul 26, 2008·International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health·Magdalena KwaśniewskaTeresa Makowiec-Dabrowska
Nov 1, 2006·Emerging Infectious Diseases·Nasser M KaplanC Anthony Hart
Sep 4, 2012·International Journal of Molecular Sciences·Olufunmiso O Olajuyigbe, Anthony J Afolayan
Sep 9, 2010·The British Journal of General Practice : the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners·Parinya ChamnanSimon J Griffin
Apr 30, 2011·World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG·Xiang-Liang YuanLi-Song Shen
Jan 27, 2011·Indian Journal of Psychiatry·Chandrakant LahariyaAshok Mishra
Nov 18, 2011·Indian Journal of Public Health·Prashant Mathur, Bela Shah
Apr 1, 2008·Lung India : Official Organ of Indian Chest Society·Surya Kant, Barkha Gupta
Aug 7, 2012·Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice·Michel Lelo Tshikwela, Benjamin Longo-Mbenza
Jul 1, 2009·Journal of Injury & Violence Research·Muazzam Nasrullah, Junaid A Razzak
May 26, 2011·International Journal of Medical Sciences·Daisuke OsakaIsao Kubota
Dec 13, 2003·European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation : Official Journal of the European Society of Cardiology, Working Groups on Epidemiology & Prevention and Cardiac Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology·Ricardo FuentesAulikki Nissinen
May 9, 2012·Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology·M BhattacharjeePraful M Dalal
May 3, 2012·Proceedings of the American Thoracic Society·Bartolome R Celli
Jan 23, 2010·Neurological Research·Pengcheng YanJohn H Zhang
Jan 24, 2014·Lancet·Hanan F Abdul RahimAbdullatif Husseini
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Oct 11, 2003·Lancet·David Vlahov, Sandro Galea
Mar 13, 2012·Neurology India·Baoqiong LiuQidong Yang
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Aug 7, 2013·Quality of Life Research : an International Journal of Quality of Life Aspects of Treatment, Care and Rehabilitation·Georgios A KonstantinidisDimitris Niakas
Feb 25, 2014·BMC Public Health·Eric S DonkorVilmundur Gudnason
Aug 21, 2003·Lancet·Shinji NakaharaSusumu Wakai
May 25, 2011·Southern Medical Journal·Manika AgarwalAhanthem Santa Singh
Feb 25, 2003·Lancet·Joanna Armstrong SchellenbergTanzania Integrated Management of Childhood Illness MCE Baseline Household Survey Study Group
Mar 22, 2014·Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research·Tanmay Nag, Arnab Ghosh
Jan 1, 2014·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·Bushra WaliIqbal Sayeed
Mar 20, 2012·Future Virology·Portia C Mutevedzi, Marie-Louise Newell
Dec 31, 1997·Lancet·S L Katz
Jan 18, 2013·Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health·Björn AlbinSölve Elmståhl
Jan 21, 2014·Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice·Seong-Uk ParkJongbae J Park
Mar 21, 2002·The Lancet Oncology·T J KeyE Banks
Dec 18, 2013·Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology·Sujata Das, Shyamal Kumar Das
Dec 12, 2012·Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene·Brett SwierczewskiEdwin V Oaks
Jul 13, 2002·Lancet·Paul R KowalNyasha Madzingira
Nov 28, 2002·Clinical and Experimental Immunology·Tracy Hussell, Ian R Humphreys
Nov 16, 2013·The British Journal of Nutrition·Deqing YiQingying Zhang
Jan 4, 2008·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·Massimo PuotiGiampiero Carosi
Jun 28, 2014·Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine : ECAM·Liang DongXiao-Dong Chen
Apr 4, 2014·International Journal of Pediatrics·Maryam MonajemzadehLeila Kashi
Nov 7, 2013·Shock·M MaegeleMitchell J Cohen
Apr 1, 2014·BMC Health Services Research·Jean-Pierre ThomassenSteven Van de Walle
Mar 28, 2013·Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine : ECAM·K S WooP C Leung
Jun 3, 2014·Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine·Sigurd MelbyeStein Roald Bolle
May 6, 2014·International Journal of Pharmaceutics·Adeola O Adebisi, Barbara R Conway
Jun 3, 2014·Globalization and Health·Derek YachK Srinath Reddy
Apr 1, 2014·European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery : Official Publication of the European Trauma Society·M Maegele
May 7, 2014·Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin·N Schwabbauer
Apr 12, 2013·Psychosomatic Medicine·Charlotte McKercherKristy Sanderson
Dec 19, 2012·Lancet·Christopher J L MurrayAlan D Lopez
Dec 20, 2012·Netherlands Heart Journal : Monthly Journal of the Netherlands Society of Cardiology and the Netherlands Heart Foundation·J J W VerschurenJ W Jukema
Sep 2, 2014·BMC Public Health·Boukaré DoulougouMaria Victoria Zunzunegui
Nov 26, 2010·Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie·R D PiersN J Van Den Noortgate
Jan 17, 2014·Journal of Human Hypertension·P DubozE Macia
Dec 3, 2010·Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie·R D PiersN J Van Den Noortgate
Apr 15, 2010·Netherlands Heart Journal : Monthly Journal of the Netherlands Society of Cardiology and the Netherlands Heart Foundation·L A A MoonenN H J Pijls
Jul 11, 2012·International Journal of Hypertension·P M KoloR K Moronkola