Moyamoya disease associated with pediatric pulmonary hypertension-a case report.

Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
Johannes KrämerChristian Apitz


Moyamoya disease (MD) is a rare vaso-occlusive disorder that primarily affects intracranial cerebral arteries. The involvement of extracranial vessels is unusual. However, there are previous reports suggesting MD to be a systemic disorder, causing disease manifestations in vessels of other parts of the body. We report the case of a female patient with MD and multiple episodes of ischemic strokes followed by bypass surgery of cerebral arteries during infancy. Due to corresponding ischemic lesions the girl showed global retardation of psychomotor development and central right sided movement disorder. At the age of 10 years the girl was admitted to our hospital with recurrent syncope. While cranial MRI excluded any newly added ischemic lesions, electrocardiography revealed evidence of right ventricular hypertrophy, and subsequent echocardiography then indicated pulmonary hypertension, which was confirmed by cardiac catheterization. Despite an upfront combination pulmonary vasodilating therapy, the pulmonary vascular disease appeared to be progressive. Genetic analysis showed heterozygous c.12341C>T mutation in the RNF213 gene. This case presentation demonstrates that pulmonary arterial hypertension is a rare comorbidity in patient...Continue Reading

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