MRI measures of middle cerebral artery diameter in conscious humans during simulated orthostasis

Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
J M SerradorR L Bondar

Abstract

The relationship between middle cerebral artery (MCA) flow velocity (CFV) and cerebral blood flow (CBF) is uncertain because of unknown vessel diameter response to physiological stimuli. The purpose of this study was to directly examine the effect of a simulated orthostatic stress (lower body negative pressure [LBNP]) as well as increased or decreased end-tidal carbon dioxide partial pressure (P(ET)CO(2)) on MCA diameter and CFV. Twelve subjects participated in a CO(2) manipulation protocol and/or an LBNP protocol. In the CO(2) manipulation protocol, subjects breathed room air (normocapnia) or 6% inspired CO(2) (hypercapnia), or they hyperventilated to approximately 25 mm Hg P(ET)CO(2) (hypocapnia). In the LBNP protocol, subjects experienced 10 minutes each of -20 and -40 mm Hg lower body suction. CFV and diameter of the MCA were measured by transcranial Doppler and MRI, respectively, during the experimental protocols. Compared with normocapnia, hypercapnia produced increases in both P(ET)CO(2) (from 36+/-3 to 40+/-4 mm Hg, P<0.05) and CFV (from 63+/-4 to 80+/-6 cm/s, P<0.001) but did not change MCA diameters (from 2.9+/-0.3 to 2.8+/-0.3 mm). Hypocapnia produced decreases in both P(ET)CO(2) (24+/-2 mm Hg, P<0.005) and CFV (43+/...Continue Reading

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Apr 9, 2013·American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology·Julian M StewartChristopher E Schwartz
May 18, 2013·Journal of Applied Physiology·Samuel J E LucasPhilip N Ainslie
Nov 15, 2011·American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology·Sung-Moon JeongRong Zhang
Apr 5, 2017·Frontiers in Neurology·Jorge M Serrador, Roy Freeman
Mar 31, 2017·American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology·Shadi JahshanGiris Jacob
Sep 1, 2017·Scientific Reports·Takaaki KomiyamaSoichi Ando
May 26, 2017·Journal of Neurotrauma·Tamadher AlbalawiCan Ozan Tan
Nov 18, 2019·Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing·Osian LlwydRonney B Panerai
Nov 5, 2019·Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience·Kathleen B MillerJill N Barnes
Oct 20, 2001·Journal of Applied Physiology·S HoutmanM T Hopman
Jul 19, 2001·Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences·R SchondorfR Stein
Jun 19, 2002·Journal of Applied Physiology·Thad E WilsonCraig G Crandall
Aug 14, 2003·American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology·Miroslaw BrysMax J Hilz
Feb 28, 2002·Anesthesia and Analgesia·Nicolas BruderFrançois Gouin
Feb 13, 2003·Diabetic Medicine : a Journal of the British Diabetic Association·B N MankovskyD Ziegler
Jan 17, 2002·American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology·Mette S OlufsenLewis A Lipsitz
Jul 20, 2002·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·Michael R EdwardsR L Hughson
Apr 1, 2005·British Journal of Neurosurgery·Ronney B PaneraiD H Evans
Apr 30, 2003·Journal of Applied Physiology·A P BlaberP J Pretorius
Dec 3, 2005·Clinical Science·Victoria E ClaydonRoger Hainsworth
Jul 1, 2010·Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine : Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine·Farzaneh A SorondNaomi D L Fisher
Nov 27, 2010·Journal of Applied Physiology·Steven A RomeroW H Cooke
Mar 4, 2006·Journal of Applied Physiology·Georgios D MitsisVasilis Z Marmarelis
Jul 5, 2011·American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology·Andrew E BeaudinMarc J Poulin
Jul 24, 2012·American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology·Y C TzengC A Rickards
Sep 26, 2009·Journal of Applied Physiology·Peter RasmussenBjørn Quistorff
Jan 24, 2015·Journal of Applied Physiology·Teelkien R van VeenMichael A Belfort
Sep 27, 2014·Journal of Applied Physiology·Philip N Ainslie, Ryan L Hoiland
Sep 6, 2014·Journal of Applied Physiology·Jasper VerbreeMatthias J P van Osch
Jan 6, 2015·Experimental Physiology·Chansol HurrR Matthew Brothers
Feb 11, 2020·The Journal of Physiological Sciences : JPS·Takuro WashioShigehiko Ogoh
Mar 19, 2005·Clinical Science·P J EamesRonney B Panerai
Jul 4, 2009·Journal of Applied Physiology·Rogier V ImminkJohannes J Van Lieshout
Sep 5, 2009·Journal of Applied Physiology·Shigehiko Ogoh, Philip N Ainslie
Oct 5, 2010·Journal of Applied Physiology·Ronney B PaneraiThompson G Robinson
Feb 2, 2013·Journal of Applied Physiology·K A ZujR L Hughson
Apr 10, 2010·Journal of Applied Physiology·Shigehiko OgohTomoko Sadamoto
Jun 30, 2012·Journal of Applied Physiology·Karen C PeeblesY C Tzeng
Mar 1, 2015·American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology·Nicole S CoverdaleJ Kevin Shoemaker
Aug 28, 2015·American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology·Shigehiko OgohHervé Normand
Sep 4, 2018·Frontiers in Physiology·Kathleen B MillerJill N Barnes
Jun 19, 2003·Physiological Measurement·Ronney B PaneraiJ F Potter
Jan 1, 2010·American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology·Jui-Lin FanPhilip N Ainslie
Nov 8, 2011·American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology·Ronney B PaneraiThompson G Robinson
Sep 30, 2014·Physiological Reports·Shigehiko OgohTakeshi Hashimoto
Oct 11, 2020·Physiological Reports·Kamila U MigdalWilliam B Farquhar
Oct 29, 2020·American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology·Hayato TsukamotoShigehiko Ogoh
Jan 26, 2021·Physiology & Behavior·Takuro WashioShigehiko Ogoh

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