MTHFR, TGFB3, and TGFA polymorphisms and their association with the risk of non-syndromic cleft lip and cleft palate in China

American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part a
JiangHui ZhuZhu Li

Abstract

Our previous results indicated a moderate association between the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene 677C-T variant and an increased risk of non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (nsCL/P) among the northern but not southern population in China, suggesting possible genetic heterogeneity in the etiology of nsCL/P between these two populations. It remains unknown whether the transforming growth factor alpha (TGFA) gene TaqI polymorphism and transforming growth factor beta 3 (TGFB3) gene CA repeats influence the risk of nsCL/P differently between the northern and southern Chinese populations. In this study of 188 Chinese case-parent triads, we found an independent association between the TGFB3 variant and risk of nsCL/P (OR = 2.10, 95% CI: 1.25-3.54 for heterozygotes; OR = 1.78, 95% CI: 0.83-3.83 for homozygotes). The MTHFR variant was associated with an increased risk of nsCL/P among children in the north (OR = 3.11, 95% CI: 1.18-8.23 for heterozygotes; OR = 3.36, 95%CI: 1.14-9.93 for homozygotes) and appear to interact marginally with the TGFB3 variant in the occurrence of nsCL/P among southern subjects (OR = 0.26, 95% CI: 0.06-1.07). No association was found between the TGFA variant and risk of nsCL/...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

RN1001
Cleft Lip
Cleft Palate, Isolated
Genetic Carriers
Genetic Polymorphism
Variation (Genetics)
Transforming Growth Factor alpha
Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (NADPH)
Transforming Growth Factor beta 3 Latency Associated Peptide
Cleft Lip

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