DOI: 10.1101/490748Dec 8, 2018Paper

Multi-OMIC analysis of brain and serum from chronically-stressed mice reveals network disruptions in purine metabolism, fatty acid beta-oxidation, and antioxidant activity that are reversed by antidepressant treatment

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Peter J HamiltonEric J Nestler

Abstract

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a complex condition with unclear pathophysiology. Molecular disruptions within the periphery and limbic brain regions contribute to depression symptomatology. Here, we utilized a mouse chronic stress model of MDD and performed metabolomic, lipidomic, and proteomic profiling on serum plus several brain regions (ventral hippocampus, nucleus accumbens, and prefrontal cortex) of susceptible, resilient, and unstressed control mice. Proteomic analysis identified three serum proteins reduced in susceptible animals; lipidomic analysis detected differences in lipid species between resilient and susceptible animals in serum and brain; and metabolomic analysis revealed pathway dysfunctions of purine metabolism, beta oxidation, and antioxidants, which were differentially associated with stress susceptibility vs resilience by brain region. Antidepressant treatment ameliorated MDD-like behaviors and affected key metabolites within outlined networks, most dramatically in the ventral hippocampus. This work presents a resource for chronic stress-induced, tissue-specific changes in proteins, lipids, and metabolites and illuminates how molecular dysfunctions contribute to individual differences in stress sensiti...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Analysis of Substances
Antidepressive Agents
Antioxidants
Brain
Mental Depression
Disease Susceptibility
Fatty Acids
Hippocampus (Brain)
Lipids
Laboratory mice

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