Feb 18, 2020

Multi-spin echo T2 relaxation imaging with compressed sensing (METRICS) for rapid myelin water imaging

Magnetic Resonance in Medicine : Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Adam V DvorakShannon H Kolind


Myelin water imaging (MWI) provides a valuable biomarker for myelin, but clinical application has been restricted by long acquisition times. Accelerating the standard multi-echo T2 acquisition with gradient echoes (GRASE) or by 2D multi-slice data collection results in image blurring, contrast changes, and other issues. Compressed sensing (CS) can vastly accelerate conventional MRI. In this work, we assessed the use of CS for in vivo human MWI, using a 3D multi spin-echo sequence. We implemented multi-echo T2 relaxation imaging with compressed sensing (METRICS) and METRICS with partial Fourier acceleration (METRICS-PF). Scan-rescan data were acquired from 12 healthy controls for assessment of repeatability. MWI data were acquired for METRICS in 9 m:58 s and for METRICS-PF in 7 m:25 s, both with 1.5 × 2 × 3 mm3 voxels, 56 echoes, 7 ms ΔTE, and 240 × 240 × 170 mm3 FOV. METRICS was compared with a novel multi-echo spin-echo gold-standard (MSE-GS) MWI acquisition, acquired for a single additional subject in 2 h:2 m:40 s. METRICS/METRICS-PF myelin water fraction had mean: repeatability coefficient 1.5/1.1, coefficient of variation 6.2/4.5%, and intra-class correlation coefficient 0.79/0.84. Repeatability metrics comparing METRICS wi...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Diagnostic Imaging
Biological Markers
Multiple Gated Acquisition Scanning
In Vivo
Myelin Proteins
Water Consumption
Magnetic Resonance Imaging

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