Multichannel intraluminal impedance accurately detects fasting, recumbent reflux events and their clearing

American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Steven S ShayJoel Richter

Abstract

Multichannel intraluminal impedance (MII) is a new diagnostic test for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The objective of this report is to determine the accuracy of MII in detecting individual reflux events (REs) identified by pH probe and manometry, as well as their clearing in patients with severe GERD compared with normal volunteers. Ten severe GERD patients and 10 normal volunteers underwent simultaneous manometry [7 sites: gastric, lower esophageal sphincter, esophagus (4), pharynx], pH, and MII (6 sites in esophagus) for 15 min in the left and right recumbent posture while fasting. We found that patients had 30-fold more REs than normal volunteers (41 +/- 11 vs. 1.3 +/- 0.4), and 95% of all REs were detected by MII. An average 15-fold fall in impedance with liquid and fivefold rise with gas made REs and their composition easy to detect with MII. In the right recumbent posture, nearly all REs detected by MII were liquid (98%, 98/100). In contrast, all 283 REs detected by MII in the left recumbent posture were gas. Nearly all REs detected by MII were cleared (98%, 368/374). Mean acid clearing time was threefold longer (47 s) than clearing time by either manometry (15 s) or MII (13 s), primarily due to acid rereflux, ...Continue Reading

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