Apr 4, 2020

Intrinsically disordered linkers control tethered kinases via effective concentration

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
M. Dyla, Magnus Kjaergaard

Abstract

Kinase specificity is crucial to the fidelity of signalling pathways, yet many pathways use the same kinases to achieve widely different effects. Specificity arises in part from the enzymatic domain, but also from the physical tethering of kinases to their substrates. Such tethering can occur via protein interaction domains in the kinase or via anchoring and scaffolding proteins, and can drastically increase the kinetics of phosphorylation. However, we do not know how such intra-complex reactions depend on the link between enzyme and substrate. Here we show that the kinetics of tethered kinases follow a Michaelis-Menten like dependence on effective concentration. We find that phosphorylation kinetics scale with the length of the intrinsically disordered linkers that join the enzyme and substrate, but that the scaling differs between substrates. Steady-state kinetics can only partially predict rates of tethered reactions as product release may obscure the rate of phospho-transfer. Our results suggest that changes in signalling complex architecture not only enhance the rates of phosphorylation reactions, but may also alter the relative substrate usage. This suggests a mechanism for how scaffolding proteins can allosterically modi...Continue Reading

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