Multiple-imputation-based residuals and diagnostic plots for joint models of longitudinal and survival outcomes

Biometrics
Dimitris RizopoulosGeert Molenberghs

Abstract

The majority of the statistical literature for the joint modeling of longitudinal and time-to-event data has focused on the development of models that aim at capturing specific aspects of the motivating case studies. However, little attention has been given to the development of diagnostic and model-assessment tools. The main difficulty in using standard model diagnostics in joint models is the nonrandom dropout in the longitudinal outcome caused by the occurrence of events. In particular, the reference distribution of statistics, such as the residuals, in missing data settings is not directly available and complex calculations are required to derive it. In this article, we propose a multiple-imputation-based approach for creating multiple versions of the completed data set under the assumed joint model. Residuals and diagnostic plots for the complete data model can then be calculated based on these imputed data sets. Our proposals are exemplified using two real data sets.

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Citations

Nov 12, 2015·Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series A, (Statistics in Society)·Hormuzd A KatkiRajeshwari Sundaram
Apr 6, 2013·Pharmacological Research : the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society·Z Daher AbdiA Rousseau
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Mar 19, 2016·Statistics in Medicine·Rui MartinsValeska Andreozzi
Jun 9, 2018·BMC Medical Research Methodology·Graeme L HickeyRuwanthi Kolamunnage-Dona

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