Multiple-organ effect of normobaric hyperoxia in neonatal rats

Journal of Critical Care
D TorbatiBalagangadhar R Totapally


Prolonged exposure to normobaric hyperoxia (NH) is associated with blood leukocyte activation and sequestration in the lung. Whether NH-induced leukocyte activation and sequestration can affect extrapulmonary organs or blood cellular profile has not been systematically investigated. We studied simultaneous changes in blood cellular profile and pulmonary, renal, and intestinal histology during NH and after return to air breathing ("weaning"). One-day-old rats were exposed to 2 to 4 days of NH (FiO2 >0.98) or normoxia (FiO2 = 0.21), with or without weaning. Pups were then euthanized and 100 microL of blood was collected (cardiac puncture) for differential white blood cells analysis (n = 12 per group). The lungs, a piece of distal ileum, and the left kidney were removed for histologic evaluation. Both NH and weaning generated significant increases in blood neutrophil count, whereas lymphocyte population was significantly increased only after weaning (P < .05; analysis of variance with Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons). Normobaric hyperoxia created mild increases in the renal tubular necrosis, dilation, regeneration, and interstitial inflammation. A significant increase in the intestinal serosal and submucosal vasodia...Continue Reading


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