DOI: 10.1101/493742Dec 23, 2018Paper

Multiple-Strain Infections of Human Cytomegalovirus with High Genomic Diversity are Common In Breast Milk from HIV-Positive Women in Zambia

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Nicolás M SuárezUrsula A. Gompels

Abstract

Background: In developed countries, human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a major pathogen in congenitally infected and immunocompromised individuals, in whom multiple-strain infection is linked to disease severity. The situation is less documente in developing countries. In Zambia, breast milk is a key route for transmitting HCMV and carries higher viral loads in HIV-positive women. We investigated HCMV strain diversity. Methods: High-throughput sequence datasets were generated from 28 HCMV-positive breast milk samples donated by 22 mothers (15 HIV-positive and seven HIV-negative) at 4 or 16 weeks (or both) postpartum and analysed by genotyping 12 hypervariable HCMV genes. Results: Among the 20 samples from 14 donors (13 HIV-positive and one HIV-negative) that yielded data meeting quality thresholds, 89 of the possible 109 genotypes were detected, and multiple-strain infections involving up to five strains per person were apparent in nine HIV-positive women. Strain diversity was extensive among individuals but conserved compartmentally and longitudinally within them. Genotypic linkage was maintained within the hypervariable UL73/UL74 and RL12/RL13/UL1 loci for virus-entry and immunomodulation, but not between genes more distant from...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Donor Person
Genes
HIV
HIV Infections
Virus
Woman
Cytomegalovirus antibody
Human gene
High Throughput Technology
Analysis

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