Aug 1, 1989

Multiple types of voltage-dependent Ca channels in mammalian intestinal smooth muscle cells

Pflügers Archiv : European journal of physiology
M YoshinoH Yabu


(1) Whole-cell and single channel recording techniques have been applied to smooth muscle cells isolated from guinea-pig taenia coli to examine whether multiple types of Ca channels exist. (2) Whole-cell recordings under physiological Ca concentration (1.8 mM) revealed two current components with fast and slow inactivating kinetics. The fast inactivating component was present when cells were held at very negative potentials (-80 mV). It was insensitive to the dihydropyridine (DHP) derivative, nifedipine. In contrast, the slow inactivating component was present at less negative holding potentials. It was blocked by nifedipine. (3) The two current components were found to have closely similar voltage dependencies for activation. (4) These results suggest that the fast inactivating decay of the Ca current was mediated not only by the entry of Ca into the cell but also by a voltage-dependent process via a different type of Ca channel with fast inactivating kinetics. (5) Recordings from cell-attached membrane patches with 100 mM external Ba clearly showed the existence of multiple types of Ca channels with different conductances. (6) The large conductance channels (30 pS) activated at more positive potentials (0 mV) and their averag...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Taenia Coli
Resting Potentials
Antagonist Muscle Action
Myocytes, Smooth Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Calcium Channel

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