Multipotent adult progenitor cells improve the hematopoietic function in myelodysplasia

Cytotherapy
Valerie D RoobrouckCatherine M Verfaillie

Abstract

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a group of clonal stem cell disorders affecting the normal hematopoietic differentiation process and leading to abnormal maturation and differentiation of all blood cell lineages. Treatment options are limited, and there is an unmet medical need for effective therapies for patients with severe cytopenias. We demonstrate that multipotent adult progenitor cells (MAPC) improve the function of hematopoietic progenitors derived from human MDS bone marrow (BM) by significantly increasing the frequency of primitive progenitors as well as the number of myeloid colonies. This effect was more pronounced in a non-contact culture, indicating the importance of soluble factors produced by the MAPC cells. Moreover, the cells did not stimulate the growth of the abnormal MDS clone, as shown by fluorescent in situ hybridization analysis on BM cells from patients with a known genetic abnormality. We also demonstrate that MAPC cells can provide stromal support for patient-derived hematopoietic cells. When MAPC cells were intravenously injected into a mouse model of MDS, they migrated to the site of injury and increased the hematopoietic function in diseased mice. The preclinical studies undertaken here indicate ...Continue Reading

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