Jun 7, 2005

Muscarinic and nicotinic receptor modulation of object and spatial n-back working memory in humans

Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
Amity GreenPradeep J Nathan

Abstract

Working memory impairments in the n-back task in schizophrenia have been linked to sustained deficiency in mesocortical dopamine function. More recently, abnormalities in the cholinergic system have also been documented in schizophrenia, with cortical reductions in both nicotinic and muscarinic receptors. While the cholinergic hypothesis of memory is well established, the role of cholinergic receptors in modulating n-back working memory is not known. We investigated the effects of selective and simultaneous muscarinic and nicotinic antagonism on spatial and object n-back working memory performance. The study was a double-blind, placebo-controlled repeated-measures design in which 12 healthy subjects were tested under four acute treatment conditions; placebo (P), mecamylamine (M), scopolamine (S) and mecamylamine+scopolamine (MS). Muscarinic antagonism with scopolamine significantly impaired both object and spatial n-back working memory, whereas nicotinic antagonism with mecamylamine had little effect. Simultaneous antagonism of both muscarinic and nicotinic receptors produced greater impairments in both object and spatial n-back working memory performance than muscarinic or nicotinic antagonism alone. These results suggest that...Continue Reading

  • References59
  • Citations38

Mentioned in this Paper

Neuro-Oncological Ventral Antigen 2
Immediate Recall
Photopsia
Diagnostic Radiology Modality
Mecamylamine
Prefrontal Cortex
Schizophrenia
Brain
Memory for Designs Test
Cholinergic Receptors

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.