Jul 20, 2007

Muscarinic receptor dependent long-term depression in rat visual cortex is PKC independent but requires ERK1/2 activation and protein synthesis

Journal of Neurophysiology
Portia McCoy, Lori L McMahon


Intact cholinergic innervation of visual cortex is critical for normal processing of visual information and for spatial memory acquisition and retention. However, a complete description of the mechanisms by which the cholinergic system modifies synaptic function in visual cortex is lacking. Previously it was shown that activation of the m1 subtype of muscarinic receptor induces an activity-dependent and partially N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR)-dependent long-term depression (LTD) at layer 4-layer 2/3 synapses in rat visual cortex slices in vitro. The cellular mechanisms downstream of the Galphaq coupled m1 receptor required for induction of this LTD (which we term mLTD) are currently unknown. Here, we confirm a role for m1 receptors in mLTD induction and use a series of pharmacological tools to study the signaling molecules downstream of m1 receptor activation in mLTD induction. We found that mLTD is prevented by inhibitors of L-type Ca(2+) channels, the Src kinase family, and the mitogen-activated kinase/extracellular kinase. mLTD is also partially dependent on phospholipase C but is unaffected by blocking protein kinase C. mLTD expression can be long-lasting (>2 h) and its long-term maintenance requires translation. Th...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Visual System
Receptors, Presynaptic
MAPK3 wt Allele
Muscle Innervation, Function
Type C Phospholipases
Long-Term Depression Pathway
Protein Biosynthesis
Neuronal Plasticity
Nerve Supply

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.