PMID: 9794990Oct 31, 1998Paper

Muscularity and fatness of infants and young children born small- or large-for-gestational-age

Mary L HedigerW W Davis


There is growing interest in the extent to which body composition, both short- and long-term, differs in infants and children born at the extremes of birth weight. This is because a growing number of studies have linked low birth weight and fetal growth restriction to the chronic diseases in adulthood that often are obesity-related, and there is also evidence to suggest that heavy infants may be at increased risk for obesity in later life, again with the attendant obesity-related chronic diseases. Our objective was to compare anthropometric indices of body composition of infants and young children born small-for-gestational-age (SGA, <10th percentile) or large-for-gestational age (LGA, >/=90th percentile) with those of normal birth weight status (appropriate-for-gestational-age, AGA) in a US sample. National sample of US-born non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and Mexican-American infants and young children, 2 to 47 months of age, examined in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III, 1988-1994), for whom birth certificates were obtained. The primary outcomes were normalized anthropometric indices (z scores or standard deviation units [SDU]) of nutritional status and body composition (mid-upper...Continue Reading


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