Jan 16, 2020

Mutant IDH1 Depletion Downregulates Integrins and Impairs Chondrosarcoma Growth

Cancers
Luyuan LiJonathan C Trent

Abstract

Chondrosarcomas are a heterogeneous group of malignant bone tumors that produce hyaline cartilaginous matrix. Mutations in isocitrate dehydrogenase enzymes (IDH1/2) were recently described in several cancers, including conventional and dedifferentiated chondrosarcomas. These mutations lead to the inability of IDH to convert isocitrate into α-ketoglutarate (α-KG). Instead, α-KG is reduced into D-2-hydroxyglutarate (D-2HG), an oncometabolite. IDH mutations and D-2HG are thought to contribute to tumorigenesis due to the role of D-2HG as a competitive inhibitor of α-KG-dependent dioxygenases. However, the function of IDH mutations in chondrosarcomas has not been clearly defined. In this study, we knocked out mutant IDH1 (IDH1mut) in two chondrosarcoma cell lines using the CRISPR/Cas9 system. We observed that D-2HG production, anchorage-independent growth, and cell migration were significantly suppressed in the IDH1mut knockout cells. Loss of IDH1mut also led to a marked attenuation of chondrosarcoma formation and D-2HG production in a xenograft model. In addition, RNA-Seq analysis of IDH1mut knockout cells revealed downregulation of several integrin genes, including those of integrin alpha 5 (ITGA5) and integrin beta 5 (ITGB5). We ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Integrins
Isocitrate Dehydrogenase (NAD+)
Finding
(R)-2-hydroxyglutarate Dehydrogenase Activity
Migration, Cell
CRISPR-Cas Systems
Knock-out
Malignant Neoplasms
Tumorigenicity
Sequence Analysis, RNA

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