Jun 1, 1985

Mutascreen, an automated bacterial mutagenicity assay

Mutation Research
K FalckH Vainio


Mutascreen is an automated instrument for bacterial mutagenicity testing. The biological principles of the Mutascreen assay are the same as those of the bacterial reverse-mutation assays, like the Ames test, but several operational principles are different. The Mutascreen assay takes place in wells containing only 400 microliter of liquid medium. Also, the dispensing of the liquid medium, the bacterial tester strains, the metabolic activation system (S9), and the test solutions is all performed by a computer-controlled robot according to the user's preprogrammed instructions. The turbidity in up to 200 wells is monitored intermittently over a 24-h period by a vertical-pathway photometer, thereby avoiding measurement problems caused by sedimentation. The data for the resulting growth curves is stored for analysis. The auxotrophic growth pattern is altered characteristically by test solutions that are toxic or contain endogenous growth factor(s), while prototrophic growth is observed earlier in the 24-h period when revertants have been induced by the test solution. To compare the Mutascreen assay with the conventional plate assay, 36 chemicals including known carcinogens and noncarcinogens were tested. Both assays identified the ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Biochemical Pathway
Cell Growth Pattern
Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Mutagenicity Tests
Sedimentation Procedure
Growth Factor
Turbidity Measurement

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Autism: Motor Learning

A common feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the impairment of motor control and learning, consistent with perturbation in cerebellar function. Find the latest research on ASD and motor learning here.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Sexual Dimorphism in Neurodegeneration

There exist sex differences in neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders. For instance, multiple sclerosis is more common in women, whereas Parkinson’s disease is more common in men. Here is the latest research on sexual dimorphism in neurodegeneration

Protein Localization in Disease & Therapy

Localization of proteins is critical for ensuring the correct location for physiological functioning. If an error occurs, diseases such as cardiovascular, neurodegenerative disorders and cancers can present. Therapies are being explored to target this mislocalization. Here is the latest research on protein localization in disease and therapy.

Genetic Screens in Bacteria

Genetic screens can provide important information on gene function as well as the molecular events that underlie a biological process or pathway. Here is the latest research on genetic screens in bacteria.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Artificial intelligence (ai) techniques are increasingly applied to cardiovascular (cv) medicine in cardiac imaging analysis. Here is the latest research.