PMID: 12052430Jun 8, 2002

Mutations and their use in insect control

Mutation Research
Alan S Robinson

Abstract

Traditional chemically based methods for insect control have been shown to have serious limitations, and many alternative approaches have been developed and evaluated, including those based on the use of different types of mutation. The mutagenic action of ionizing radiation was well known in the field of genetics long before it was realized by entomologists that it might be used to induce dominant lethal mutations in insects, which, when released, could sterilize wild female insects. The use of radiation to induce dominant lethal mutations in the sterile insect technique (SIT) is now a major component of many large and successful programs for pest suppression and eradication. Adult insects, and their different developmental stages, differ in their sensitivity to the induction of dominant lethal mutations, and care has to be taken to identify the appropriate dose of radiation that produces the required level of sterility without impairing the overall fitness of the released insect. Sterility can also be introduced into populations through genetic mechanisms, including translocations, hybrid incompatibility, and inherited sterility in Lepidoptera. The latter phenomenon is due to the fact that this group of insects has holokineti...Continue Reading

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Citations

Feb 12, 2004·Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology·Katia KomitopoulouAnastassios C Mintzas
Feb 12, 2004·Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology·Alan S RobinsonP W Atkinson
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Related Concepts

Chromosomes
Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
Insect Control
Insecta
Sexual Sterilization
Genes, Insect

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