Nov 13, 2012

Mutations in Bacchus reveal a tyramine-dependent nuclear regulator for acute ethanol sensitivity in Drosophila

Neuropharmacology
Jiang ChenPing Shen

Abstract

Fruit flies and humans display remarkably similar behavioral responses to ethanol intoxication. Here we report that loss-of-function mutations in the CG9894 gene (now named Bacchus or Bacc) attenuate ethanol sensitivity in flies. Bacc encodes a broadly expressed nuclear protein with a motif similar to ribosomal RNA-binding domains. The ethanol-related activity of Bacc was mapped to Tdc2-GAL4 neurons. Genetic and pharmacological analyses suggest that ethanol resistance of Bacc mutants is caused by increased tyramine β-hydroxylase (tβh) activity that results in excessive conversion of tyramine (TA) to octopmaine (OA). Thus, tβh and its negative regulator Bacc define a novel biogenic amine-mediated signaling pathway that regulates fly ethanol sensitivity. Importantly, elevated tbh activity has been shown to promote fighting behavior, raising the possibility that the Bacc/tbh pathway may regulate complex traits in addition to acute ethanol response.

  • References27
  • Citations2
  • References27
  • Citations2

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Biochemical Pathway
Ethanol
Octopamine
Ethanol Measurement
Nuclear Proteins
Degenerative Polyarthritis
Leukodystrophy, Metachromatic
Genome
Serotonin Measurement
Citricum acidum, citric acid, homeopathic preparation

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.