DOI: 10.1101/464321Nov 6, 2018Paper

Mutations in bacterial genes induce unanticipated changes in the relationship between bacterial pathogens in experimental otitis media

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Vinal LakhaniJayajit Das

Abstract

Otitis media (OM) is a common polymicrobial infection of the middle ear in children under the age of fifteen years. A widely used experimental strategy to analyze roles of specific phenotypes of bacterial pathogens of OM is to study changes in co-infection kinetics of bacterial populations in animal models when a wild type bacterial strain is replaced by a specific isogenic mutant strain in the co-inoculating mixtures. Since relationships between the OM bacterial pathogens within the host are regulated by many interlinked processes, connecting the changes in the co-infection kinetics to a bacterial phenotype can be challenging. We investigated middle ear co-infections in adult chinchillas (Chinchilla lanigera) by two major OM pathogens: nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) and Moraxella catarrhalis (Mcat), as well as isogenic mutant strains in each bacterial species. We analyzed the infection kinetic data using Lotka-Volterra population dynamics, Maximum Entropy inference, and Akaike Information Criteria (AIC) based model selection. We found that changes in relationships between the bacterial pathogens that were not anticipated in the design of the co-infection experiments involving mutant strains are common and were stron...Continue Reading

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