May 9, 2014

Mycoplasma stress response: adaptive regulation or broken brakes?

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Pavel V MazinVadim M Govorun

Abstract

The avian bacterial pathogen Mycoplasma gallisepticum is a good model for transcriptional regulation studies due to its small genome and relative simplicity. In this study, we used RNA-Seq experiments combined with MS-based proteomics to accurately map coding sequences (CDSs), transcription start sites (TSSs) and transcription terminators (TTs) and to decipher their roles in stress-induced transcriptional responses. We identified 1061 TSSs at an FDR (false discovery rate) of 10% and showed that almost all transcription in M. gallisepticum is initiated from classic TATAAT promoters, which are surrounded by A/T-rich sequences and rarely accompanied by a -35 element. Our analysis revealed the pronounced complexity of the operon structure: on average, each coding operon has one internal TSS and TT in addition to the primary ones. Our new transcriptomic approach based on the intervals between the two closest transcription initiators and/or terminators allowed us to identify two classes of TTs: strong, unregulated and hairpin-containing TTs and weak, heat shock-regulated and hairpinless TTs. Comparing the gene expression levels under different conditions (such as heat, osmotic and peroxide stresses) revealed widespread and divergent ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Toxic Shock Syndrome
Biological Adaptation to Stress
Transcriptional Regulation
CFC1 gene
Hydrogen Peroxide
Genome
Mycoplasma
Pathogenic Organism
Transcription Initiation Site

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