Apr 1, 1988

Myelin basic protein is an endogenous inhibitor of the high-affinity cannabinoid binding site in brain

Journal of Neurochemistry
J S NyeS H Snyder


Radioligand binding studies with the water-soluble cannabinoid [3H]5'-trimethylammonium delta 8-tetrahydrocannabinol ([3H]TMA) have revealed a saturable high-affinity site in brain that is specific for cannabinoids. To determine whether endogenous compounds of brain might act upon the site physiologically, we sought inhibitors in extracts of brain. An endogenous inhibitor has been purified to homogeneity by acid extraction of rat brain followed by adsorption to a reverse-phase matrix and gel filtration chromatography. The purified inhibitor has a subunit molecular mass of 14,500 daltons by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Inhibition of [3H]TMA binding by the purified inhibitor occurs with a Ki of about 4 nM in a noncompetitive manner. The molecular weight, abundance, and extraction properties are the same as a species of myelin basic protein (MBP). The MBPs of rat, rabbit, pig, and cow also inhibit [3H]TMA binding noncompetitively with similar potencies. The purified inhibitor comigrates with rat MBP-small form on SDS-PAGE, has a similar amino acid composition, and is recognized by antibody directed against MBP. Studies of fragments of rabbit MBP suggest that the determinants of affinity for...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Carboxy-Terminal Amino Acid
August Rats
Cannabinoid [EPC]
Myelin Basic Proteins

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