Apr 1, 1988

Myelin basic protein is an endogenous inhibitor of the high-affinity cannabinoid binding site in brain

Journal of Neurochemistry
J S NyeS H Snyder

Abstract

Radioligand binding studies with the water-soluble cannabinoid [3H]5'-trimethylammonium delta 8-tetrahydrocannabinol ([3H]TMA) have revealed a saturable high-affinity site in brain that is specific for cannabinoids. To determine whether endogenous compounds of brain might act upon the site physiologically, we sought inhibitors in extracts of brain. An endogenous inhibitor has been purified to homogeneity by acid extraction of rat brain followed by adsorption to a reverse-phase matrix and gel filtration chromatography. The purified inhibitor has a subunit molecular mass of 14,500 daltons by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Inhibition of [3H]TMA binding by the purified inhibitor occurs with a Ki of about 4 nM in a noncompetitive manner. The molecular weight, abundance, and extraction properties are the same as a species of myelin basic protein (MBP). The MBPs of rat, rabbit, pig, and cow also inhibit [3H]TMA binding noncompetitively with similar potencies. The purified inhibitor comigrates with rat MBP-small form on SDS-PAGE, has a similar amino acid composition, and is recognized by antibody directed against MBP. Studies of fragments of rabbit MBP suggest that the determinants of affinity for...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Cannabinoids
Tetrahydrocannabinol
Carboxy-Terminal Amino Acid
SDS-PAGE
August Rats
Brain
Adsorption
Cannabinoid [EPC]
Myelin Basic Proteins
Soluble

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.